|William I, usually known as William the Conqueror, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. He was a descendant of Rollo and was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward. His hold was secure on Normandy by 1060, following a long struggle to establish his throne, and he launched the Norman conquest of England six years later. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son, Robert Curthose. (Wikipedia article)|
(BNJ REFERENCES - See Normans home page, and....
A hoard of Anglo-Saxon and Norman pennies from the Abergavenny area of Monmouthshire, Edward Besly with Mary Davis, BNJ 86 (2016) pp. 140-163