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Charles II

 

Charles II was the eldest surviving child of Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria of France. After Charles I's execution at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War, the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649. However, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland. Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands. A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim.  (Wikipedia article).

BNJ References

Click here for the Scottish Coinage of Charles II

 

                    
  Issue   Dates   Spink #  
   Hammered Gold   1660-62   3301-3306   
  Hammered Silver   1660-62   3307-3327  
  Milled Gold   1662-85   3328-3349  
  Milled Silver   1662-85   3350-3392  
  Copper & Tin, Patterns, Proofs etc            1672-85       3393-3395  
 
 
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