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Henry III - Continental Imitations

 

The high reputation of the English coinage in the mid 13th century made it a target for imitation, with most imitations having been struck in Frisia or Westphalia.  Some of the imitations are difficult  to recognise as such. Indications that a coin is an imitation are blundered reverse legends and slight differences in the punches used to make the dies. These differences apply both to the letters and to individual elements of the design, such as the crown ornaments and facial details.

​The Brussels Hoard contained 3,750 continental imitations of English and Irish Long Cross pennies, the vast majority of which were imitations of class 3 or class 5 English pennies.   The breakdown of the coins, as given in Churchill and Thomas, is tabulated below right. As can be seen, imitations of class 1 or 5f coins are rarities, and class 2, class 3c or Irish imitations are also scarce.   

The data show the relative scarcity of imitations of class I and class II imitations.  As the Brussels Hoard was sealed before class 6 & 7 coins were issued we do not know the relative abundance of imitations of these latest classes.

Class 1 imitations all have a star & crescent initial mark and come with various obverse and reverse letterings, however 11 of the 16 coins feature a reverse legend reading RON/ROI/DEL/VND or similar. Anyone fortunate enough to come across one of these star & crescent coins is referred to the Churchill & Thomas book for further details. Nine of the coins from the BH are now in the Ashmolean Museum.

 

  

   

   

   

REFERENCES

J. Chautard - Imitations des monnaies au type esterlin frappées en Europe pendante le XIIIe et le XIVe siècle. Nancy, 1871.

J.J. North - Some imitations and forgeries of the English and Irish Long Cross pence of Henry III. British Numismatic Journal 65 (1995), 83-119, 4 pls. Link

J. J. North - Some imitations and forgeries of the English and Irish Long Cross pence of Henry III: Corrected catalogue. British Numismatic Journal 66 (1996), 117-22 Link (you will need to scroll down to page 117)

Churchill, R. & Thomas, B. The Brussels Hoard of 1908. The Long Cross Coinage of Henry III. London, 2012. 

Sterling Imitations website of Glenn Schaap

 

CIass 1 imitation.
CIass 1 imitation.
Detail
CIass 1a imitation.
CIass 1a imitation.
Detail
Class 1b? imitation.
Class 1b? imitation.
Detail
Class 2 imitation, William, London.
Class 2 imitation, William, London.
Detail
Class 2 imitation, Nicole, Canterbury.
Class 2 imitation, Nicole, Canterbury.
Detail
Class 3, Henri, London.
Class 3, Henri, London.
Detail
Imitation of class 3, Henry, London
Imitation of class 3, Henry, London
Detail
Class 3, Nicole, Canterbury
Class 3, Nicole, Canterbury
Detail
Class 3 imit'n, London, Henry.
Class 3 imit'n, London, Henry.
Detail
Shield Mintmark" ​​​Imitation, Hereford
Shield Mintmark" ​​​Imitation, Hereford
Detail
Gilbert of Cant., Shield Type
Gilbert of Cant., Shield Type
Detail
Class 5 imit'n, Nicole, London.
Class 5 imit'n, Nicole, London.
Detail
Class 5 imitation, London, Henri.
Class 5 imitation, London, Henri.
Detail
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Detail
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Detail
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Detail
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Bernhard III, London, Henri
Detail
Videkind VI of Schwalenberg
Videkind VI of Schwalenberg
Detail
Henry of Sternberg
Henry of Sternberg
Detail
Adolf of Schwalenberg
Adolf of Schwalenberg
Detail
Imitation of Irish penny, class IIa.
Imitation of Irish penny, class IIa.
Detail
 
 
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