The daughter of Henry, I she was designated as heir to the English throne by her father. The widow of German Emperor Henry V (d.1125) and later married Geoffrey Count of Anjou. She entered England in pursuit of her inheritance in 1139, and established an Angevin court at Bristol, controlling most of south-west England. Her half-brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, an illegitimate son of Henry I, provided her with strong support. Her son Henry became king Henry II on the death of Stephen in 1154.
|Portrait of Empress Mathilda, from "History of England" by St. Albans monks (15th century); Cotton Nero D. VII, f.7, British Library||BNJ References.|