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Stephen was King of England from December 1135 to his death. He was Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144. His reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda, whose son, Henry II, succeeded Stephen as the first of the Angevin kings of England. He was born in the County of Blois in central France; his father, Count Stephen-Henry, died while Stephen was still young, and he was brought up by his mother, Adela, daughter of William the Conqueror. Placed into the court of his uncle, Henry I of England, Stephen rose in prominence and was granted extensive lands. He married Matilda of Boulogne, inheriting additional estates in Kent and Boulogne that made the couple one of the wealthiest in England. Stephen narrowly escaped drowning with Henry I's son, William Adelin, in the sinking of the White Ship in 1120; William's death left the succession of the English throne open to challenge.   WIkipedia article.

BNJ References - Stephen - General

Stephen - Finds

Stephen - Irregular Issues

                  CC BY SA : Eric Gaba France map Lambert-93 topographic-blank.svg; additional data from W. L. Warren, "Henry II", p.10.

  


 

   

Substantive Royal Issues 

 Spink 1278-82           

Types BMC 1,2,6 &7  

   

 LOCAL & IRREGULAR ISSUES OF THE CIVIL WAR...    

     Struck from erased dies, Late   1130's - c.1145       Spink 1283-1286A                    Defacements of BMC 1    
    South Eastern Variant  Spink 1287 As BMC 1, but king holds a mace      
    Eastern Variants  Spink 1288-90B Variations on BMC 1    
    Southern Variants  Spink 1291-1303  Variations on BMC 1 & 2. Also types BMC 3,4,5.    
    North East & Scottish Border Variants  Spink 1304- 1311 Incl. Stephen, David I of Scotland & Early Henry.    
    York Issues - Ornamented Group c.1150  Spink 1312-1315 

Stephen, and one type featuring Stephen & Matilda

   
                       (cont.)  Spink 1316-1322 Baronial issues: Eustace Fitzjohn, William of Aumale,  Robert III de Stuteville, Henry Murdac.    
    Uncertain Issues  Spink 1323-1325