British Numismatic Society

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Mary I (1553-58)

 

Mary I, also known as Mary Tudor, was the queen of England from July 1553 until her death. She is best known for her attempt to reverse the English Reformation begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. Her attempt to restore to the Church the property confiscated in the previous two reigns was largely thwarted by parliament, but during her five-year reign, Mary had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake, which led to her denunciation as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant opponents.

Mary was the only child of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive to adulthood. Her younger half-brother, Edward VI, succeeded their father in 1547 at the age of nine. When Edward became mortally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because he supposed that she would reverse the Protestant reforms that had continued during his reign. Upon his death, leading politicians proclaimed Lady Jane Grey as queen. Mary speedily assembled a force in East Anglia and deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556.   After Mary's death in 1558, her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed by her younger half-sister and successor, Elizabeth I. (Wikipedia article)

  
                    
     

 

BNJ Ref: ‘The coinage of Queen Mary Tudor, 1553-1558, illustrated from the Public Records’, 8 (1911), 179-201

Issue       Dates      Spink #s  
Mary - Gold   1553-54   2488-91
Mary - Silver   1553-54   2492-95
Philip & Mary -  Gold    1554-58    2496-97
Philip & Mary - Silver    1554-58   2497A - 2510A