Abramson’s online database, created by digitizing Pirie’s catalogue in CKN and adding the entries on EMC, constitutes the most comprehensive, searchable, sortable corpus yet assembled. For the non-hoard material, which must be more representative than the potentially biased hoard accumulations, Eanred accounts for 22.3 per cent of finds and Æthelred II (both reigns), 42.9 per cent. However, in terms of annual production, the latter is very significantly more assiduous, and this momentum carries through the usurpation of Redwulf but diminishes under Æthelred II’s sole restoration moneyer, Eardwulf, to output levels not dissimilar to Eanred’s.
Anomalously, Eanred had twenty-seven moneyers compared to Æthelred II’s twenty-one. While only Æthelweard of Eanred’s 11 ‘Group A’ moneyers convincingly continued under Æthelred II, eleven of Eanred subsequent sixteen moneyers do so. This pattern may suggest a lapse after Eanred’s initial silver-alloy emissions, before minting momentum grew towards the end of his reign, continuing to a peak under Æthelred II.
Among the numerous moneyers of Æthelred II’s first reign, by far the most appealing visually are the ‘special motifs’ of Leofthegn. Under what circumstances he was granted greater artistic freedom is unknown, but his designs stand aloof from this generally unprepossessing styca coinage.
One can assume that the restored Æthelred II felt that his former moneyers, who continued (voluntarily or otherwise) under Redwulf’s usurpation (nine of Redwulf’s eleven) were treacherous, when production of the coinage demanded integrity. Hence the dominance of Eardwulf as the second reign moneyer. Much of his output is excellently engraved.