Baronial - mint & moneyer uncertain. -
Stephen (1135-1154), ‘Baronial’ issues, Penny, Cross Moline type [BMC I var.], mint and moneyer uncertain, crowned bust right holding sceptre, [—]II :· CMAF · CE, rev. [——]IIO : RRCI : l, cross moline with no distinguishing features, 0.91g/12h (Mack 199c, this coin; BMC –; N 948, this coin; S 1278 var.). Believed to be the only known specimen. Images and data courtesy of DNW, and are from the auction of the North Yorkshire Moors Collection of Marvin Lessen, lot 427, 3rd July 2019. Provenance: From the Gravesend 1817/Dartford c. 1825/6 (Kent) Find; with C.R. Taylor, 1840s; G.R. Smith Collection, Sotheby Auction, 17-18 July 1848, lot 102 (part) “very crude and curious”; J. Lindsay Collection, Sotheby Auction, 14-17 August 1867, lot 132; H.M. Reynolds Collection, Part II, Sotheby Auction, 5-6 June 1919, lot 95; V.J.E. Ryan Collection, Part II, Glendining Auction, 22-4 January 1952, lot 946; T.O. Mabbott Collection, Part IV, Hans Schulman Auction (New York), 26-8 May 1970, lot 1005.
The background to this Kent hoard, and further details of this particular coin, were given by Blunt, Elmore Jones and Robinson (BNJ 1968, pp.39-40). The present coin was illustrated in Lindsay’s Remarkable Medieval Coins, 1849, as pl. 2, no.43, and Lindsay’s cataloguer attributed it to Henry Newburgh, Earl of Warwick; it has more recently been associated, also probably erroneously, with Ranulf, Earl of Chester, who held the city and royal castle at Lincoln from 1140 to 1146