11a2, Durham -
Edward II (1307-1327), Penny, class 11a2, Durham, Bishop Bek, cross moline on obv., 1.46g/8h (Allen 82; SCBI North 791-2; N 1060.2; S 1468). This coin was struck at the time of Bishop Bek’s death at Eltham Palace in March 1311. Images and text courtesy of DNW, lot #587, 21st June 2012.
The mint at Durham, like that at Bury, was an ecclesiastical establishment, the profits of which were normally due to the bishop, not the king. The earlier types are identifiable by the city’s name alone, but, from the time of Antony Bek (elected 1283), they also include a personal mark denoting the incumbent bishop. In Bek’s case, the mark is a cross moline, which usually occurs as an obverse initial mark in place of the usual cross pattée. However, it is also (rarely) found in one angle of the reverse cross, and at the start of the reverse legend.