Stephen (1135-1154)


Stephen was King of England from December 1135 to his death. He was Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144. His reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda, whose son, Henry II, succeeded Stephen as the first of the Angevin kings of England. He was born in the County of Blois in central France; his father, Count Stephen-Henry, died while Stephen was still young, and he was brought up by his mother, Adela, daughter of William the Conqueror. Placed into the court of his uncle, Henry I of England, Stephen rose in prominence and was granted extensive lands. He married Matilda of Boulogne, inheriting additional estates in Kent and Boulogne that made the couple one of the wealthiest in England. Stephen narrowly escaped drowning with Henry I's son, William Adelin, in the sinking of the White Ship in 1120; William's death left the succession of the English throne open to challenge.   WIkipedia article.   



Substantive Royal Issues 

 Spink 1278-82          

Types BMC 1,2,6 &7  




Struck from erased dies, Late   1130's - c.1145     

 Spink 1283-1286A        


Defacements of BMC 1


South Eastern Variant

 Spink 1287

As BMC 1, but king holds a mace


Eastern Variants

 Spink 1288-90B

Variations on BMC 1


Southern Variants

 Spink 1291-1303 

Variations on BMC 1 & 2. Also types BMC 3,4,5.


North East & Scottish Border Variants

 Spink 1304- 1311

Incl. Stephen, David I of Scotland & Early Henry.


York Issues - Ornamented Group c.1150

 Spink 1312-1315 

Stephen, and one type featuring Stephen & Matilda



 Spink 1316-1322

Baronial issues: Eustace Fitzjohn, William of Aumale,  Robert III de Stuteville, Henry Murdac.


Uncertain Issues

 Spink 1323-1325


BNS References:  Stephen - General,   Stephen - Finds,    Stephen - Irregular Issues