James III (1460–1488)

James III was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family. It was through his marriage to Margaret of Denmark that the Orkney and Shetland islands became Scottish (Wikipedia).

BNJ References:

I. Stewart,                         ‘The attribution of the Thistle-head and Mullet groats’, 27 (1952-54), 66-72

I. Stewart,                         ‘The heavy silver coinage of James III and James IV’, 27 (1952-54), 182-94

I. H. Stewart,                     ‘The identity of 'the New Plakkis last cunyeit' withdrawn in 1485’, 28 (1955-57), 317-29, pl.

J. E. L. Murray,                  ‘The early unicorns and the heavy groats of James III and James IV’, 40 (1971), 62-96, pl.

M. Anderson,                     ‘Imitations of the Crux Pellit coinage of James III’, 76 (2006), 345-48

N. M. McQ. Holmes,        'The Scottish copper Crux Pellit coinage: a typological analysis’, 78 (2008), 138-76, pl.

N. M. McQ. Holmes,       ‘“Abject orts and imitations”: some variants in the “Black Farthing” coinage of James III’, 78 (2008), 240-45

N. M. McQ. Holmes and H. Van Caelenberghe,    ‘Some Scottish ‘Black Money’ and its imitations found in the Netherlands and Belgium’, 84 (2014), 109-124, 4 pl.   

P. Spufford,                      'Scottish Black Money in the Low Countries c.1484–1506’, 84 (2014), 125-139.

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